Thyrsostachys regia (Munro) Bennet


Culms : Tufted

Height : 8-10m

Diameter : 4-5cm

Internode Length : 20-30cm

Culm Sheath Color : 20-25 cmlong, 10-20 cm broad, coveredwith fine white pubescence onthe back, attenuate into a 3.5-4cm broad, truncate top; ligule 2mm high, narrow, slightly orirregularly toothed, finely ciliate;auricles short, triangular; blade10-13 cm long, erect, narrowlytriangular, edges incurved. In young shoots, blades tapering at the base, linear-lanceolate, sheath long with brown hairymargin.

Length of Leaf : 8-15 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 0.8-1.2 cm

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Deciduous forest

Introduced to : Myanmar,India(Calcutta), Malaysia, India,China,Indonesia,Bangladesh,Taiwan

Native to : Thailand

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large gracefulpanicle, with many thin branchlets, bearing bracteate clusters of few fertile spikelets which are pedicellate and intermixedwith sterile ones, the bract boat-shaped, glabrous, truncate at tip; rachis smooth, very fine wiry, curved, clavate. Spikeletnearly white, 3-flowered; empty glumes 2, 7.5-10 mm long, ovate-acute, covered at the base with long, white pubescence,about 4-nerved on either side; palea of lower flowers narrow, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels, cleft half-way down intonarrow ciliate tails, that of the uppermost flower not keeled but bi-mucronate, concave, striate, glabrous, graduallyattenuate into a long beak, longer than the flowering glume; lodicules none. Stamens exserted; filaments free; antherspale yellow, narrow, connective produced into a conical purple mucro. Ovary at first oval, afterwards depressed, flattened,attenuated,curved stigmas.

Flowering Reported : Calcutta(1892), Dehra Dun

Propagation : Seeds

Uses: Construction, baskets, pulp and paper, edible shoots, ornamental, pickles, vegetable

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998 , Ohrnberger D,1999

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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