Schizostachyum polymorphum (Munro) R.B Majumdar

Bajal, Nal, Tolli (Assam)

Habit

Height : 15- 20m

Diameter : 3- 3.5cm

Culm Color : Dark green

Internode Length : 20-23cm

Culm Sheath Color : smaller than the internodes, triangular, truncate, auricled with a tuftof short bristles; imperfect blade longacuminate on the young culms, striate andfurnished with purplish transverse nerves;ligule short, narrowly dentate

Length of Leaf : 10- 20 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-6 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : North Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : very large leafy panicle, compound branchesfascicled at the nodes, pendulous or curved. Spikelets 5 mm long, with 1 fertile floret. Glume one, broad mucronate, 7-nerved; lemma similar to the glume, ciliate above; palea thin convolute, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels. Lodicules 3-5,usually 4, truncate at the apex, persistent; stamens 6, free; filaments short with apiculate anthers. Ovary linear-oblong,ending in a rigid style with 2 hairy stigmas.

Flowering Reported : Sikkim (1857), Mizoram (1978-1979), Arunachal Pradesh (1991)

Uses: Baskets, mats, belt

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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