Schizostachyum pergracile (Munro) R.B Majumdar

Bhalan bans (Madhya Pradesh), Madang (Assam), Wootang (Manipur), Latang (Nagaland), Dangi (Orissa)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 10-30m

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 30-45cm

Culm Sheath Color : chestnut brown, broader than long, 10-15 cm long and 15-20 cm broad, covered with black, stiff deciduoushairs, imperfect blade 5 cm long, ovate, cordate, cuspidate, densely hairy within, decurrent into a wavy fringe borderingthe top of the sheath and ending on either side in a rounded auricle; both fringes and auricle edges with long, stiff,curved white bristles; ligule very narrow, entire.

Length of Leaf : 15-35 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-3.25 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear- lanceolate

Soil : Moist soil

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : India, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Bihar,Orissa,Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large panicle with verticils of long, drooping, filiform spikesbearing distant broad heads of spikelets, supported by small, chaffy, sheathing bracts, rachis very slender. Spikelets inbracteate clusters, 1.25-1.75 cm long, without glumes, but bearing 1-2 sterile florets, followed by a fertile floret, endingin a terminal sterile floret; lemma 1.25-1.75 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, many-nerved, densely pale, hairy, long-mucronate,palea as long as lemma; lodicules 2, narrow, lanceolate, obtuse and ciliate at the tip, 3-5-nerved persistent. Stamenswith narrow filaments; anthers purple, obtuse. Ovary smooth, sub-globular; style 1. Stigmas 2-3, stout, recurved.

Flowering Reported : Myanmar (1865,1875,1887,1888,1894,1895,1913,1914), Pyinmana (1899,1900,1906,1908), Upper Chidwin, Myettha, Katha (1900,1907), India (1913,1914), Dibrugarh (1936), Bahadur, Naithani (1976), Dehra Dun (1972)

Propagation : Seed, Rhizome,Culm cutting

Uses: Construction, containers, mat, basket, paper and pulp, fishing rods, landscaping

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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