Schizostachyum helferi (Munro) R.B. Majumdar

Wali (Meghalaya)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 6-12m

Diameter : 2.5- 3.6cm

Culm Color : Grayish green

Internode Length : 0.5- 1.25m

Culm Sheath Color : 20-25 cm long, persistent, thick, brittle when youngwith a few appressed white bristles, sheath-scar persistent, rough towards the base, truncate at the top; imperfect bladenearly as long as sheath, recurved, lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous or shortly hispid, rounded at the base and decurrentas a very narrow long fringed band on the top of the sheath; ligule narrow conspicuously fringed with white stiff hairs,5-8 mm long.

Length of Leaf : 15-45 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-7.5 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : Meghalaya, Assam, North eastern India

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : long terminal whip likespikes, bearing distant heads of spikelets, often upto 5 cm diameter at the base; empty glumes usually 2, small, 5-8 mmlong, mucronate, margins slightly strigosely hirsute; flowering glume ovate, lanceolate, long, mucronate, strigoselyhirsute, 1.2-2.5 cm long, many-nerved; palea convolute, glabrous except at the tip, 3.2-4.0 cm long, biseriate at thebase, sometimes with a free terminal rachilla. Stamens 6, monadelphous; anthers 1.2-1.8 cm long, obtuse at the apex,exserted. Ovary oblong, elongate, glabrous; stigmas 3, short, red.

Flowering Reported : Jaintia Hills (1888), Garo Hills (Assam, 1940)

Uses: Baskets

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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