Schizostachyum fuchsianum (Gamble) R.B. Majumdar

Habit

Height : 5m

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 80cm

Culm Sheath Color : 30 cm long and 10 cm broad, thin, striate, reticulately veinedon the edges, sides nearlyparallel, rounded at the tip oneach side into a deep concave,long-bristly fringed sinus,clothed on the back, withappressed light brownpubescence; imperfect blade15-20 cm long and 1.7-2 cmbroad, inserted at the base ofsinus, reflexed, subulate,pubescent below; ligule small.

Length of Leaf : 14-35 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 5- 10cm

Shape of Leaf : ovate lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : dense, globular terminal head, 3.25 cm diameter, densely packed, terminal,congested spike of superposed heads, with many fertile spikelets, aristate bracts. Spikelets elongated, 2-2.5 cm long,glabrous. Glumes 1.5-1.7 cm, ovate at the base, long-scabrous, aristate above, glabrous, striate, 17-19-nerved; lemmasimilar but more elongate and more shortly aristate, palea longer than lemma, thin, ovate-lanceolate, bifid at apex,mucronate at tip, pubescent, 2-keeled. Lodicules linear-lanceolate or spathulate, blunt, 3-5-nerved, minutely ciliateabove and papillose on the sides. Stamens long, exserted, pendulous; anthers sharply apiculate or forked at the tip.Ovary narrowly ellipsoid, style thick; stigmas 2, short.

Flowering Reported : Paphla Hills (1875,1877,1880,1892), Arunachal Pradesh, Naga Hills (1935)

Uses: Baskets, edible seeds

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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