Schizostachyum dullooa (Gamble) R.B. Majumdar

Neohouzeaua dullooa (Gamble) A. Camus , Schizostachyum dulloa (Gamble) Majumdar , Teinostachyum dullooa Gamble

Dullooa (Assam), Wadroo (Meghalaya)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 6 -9m

Diameter : 2.5 -7.5cm

Culm Color : Dark green

Internode Length : 40 -75cm

Culm Sheath Color : 12-30 cm long and 10-25 cm broad, striatewith white appressed hairs, rounded at the tip somewhat concavely truncate and loosely fringed with bristles; imperfectblade narrow, subulate, recurved, hairy within, edges convolute, 7.5-15 cm long and 0.8-1.8 cm broad; ligule prominent,long, fimbriate.

Length of Leaf : 5-10 mm

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate

Altitude : 1200m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Calcutta, Dehra Dun

Native to : North Bengal, Sikkim, Khasi, Jaintia Hills

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : panicle of spiciform branches with verticils of few spikelets, subtended bylong, truncate bracts. Spikelets usually in pairs, slender, bracteate at the base, empty glumes 2-4, small, mucronate,flowering glume oblong-lanceolate, mucronate, strigosely hirsute. Palea convolute, glabrous except near the apex. Stamens6, monadelphous; anthers 9 mm long, obtuse at the apex, exserted. Ovary elongate, glabrous; stigmas 3, short, red.This species can be recognised by its thin walls, silvery pubescence on the culm and subulate blade, concavely depressedsheath apex.

Flowering Reported : Singla (1951,1957,1968), Gupta (1972,1982), Cachar (1961)

Propagation : Culm cutting

Uses: Baskets, mats, boxes, poles, umbrellas

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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