Schizostachyum beddomei (C.E.C. Fisch.) R.B. Majumdar

Teinostachyum beddomei C.E.C. Fisch.

Habit

Height : 3 - 6m

Diameter : 2.5 - 3.7cm

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 35 - 45cm

Culm Sheath Color : thin, papery,25-30 cm long and 7.5-10 cmbroad, sides parallel below,gradually narrowing above toa truncate tip, not auricled,thickly clothed on the backwith brown black appressedhairs, imperfect bladesubulate, acuminate, reflexed,slightly decurrent on thesheath 12.5-17.5 cm long and2.5-3 cm broad, striate, hairy;ligule 2.5 mm, entire.

Length of Leaf : 12-38 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-5 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate

Altitude : 900 -1500m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : Western ghats, North Kanara

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large terminal droopingpanicle of spiciform branchlets. The spikes supported by bracts at the joints of the rachis and bearing mainly fertilespikelets. Spikelets 1.2-2.5 cm long bearing 2-3 fertile flowers and one terminal incomplete flower, empty glume ovatemucronate, 5 mm long, faintly hirsute on the back, 5-7-nerved, flowering glumes 1 or 2, similar but longer, mucronateand transversely veined. Palea shorter than the flowering glumes, 2-keeled, blunt or emarginate, ciliate on the keels.Lodicules small, 2.5 mm long ovate, ciliate above concave below, 3-5-nerved, persistent. Stamens exserted; filamentsslender; anthers obtuse. Ovary depressed, globose, smooth, stipitate; style included in the long beak of perigynium andending in 2 short plumose stigmas.

Uses: Mats, baskets, fences

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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