Phyllostachys bambusoides var. Castillonii (Marliac ex Carrie're) Makino

Bambusa castillonii Marliac ex Carrie're , Phyllostachys bambusoides f. castillonii (Lat- Marl. ex Carriere) T. P.Yi.

Habit

Culms : Caespitose

Height : 2- 4m

Diameter : 1- 1.5cm

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 20- 30cm

Culm Sheath Color : variable, yellowish-brown, back conspicuously purplish-brown or black spot and blotches; imperfectblade lanceolate, less than 2 cm long, auricles usually 2, sometimes only one or entirely lacking with bristles; ligule 2-4 mm high, laciniate

Length of Leaf : 12-16 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 11-25 mm

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Darjeeling, Dehra Dun, North east India

Native to : China, Japan

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : consisting of multispiculate lanceolate spikes, 40 x 10-15 mmlong, bracts ciliate near the mouth, limb imperfect, foliaceous, large, ovate lanceolate, cordate 35 x 20 mm. Spikelets20-25 mm, fertile flower 3-5, terminal flower imperfect; flower greenish; glumes 2, lower very large, sheath like, bluntlytruncate with a foliaceous green cordate blade, becomes smaller or disappears in the upper flowers, upper short, 7 mmlong, oblique, keeled, ciliate on the keels, few-nerved, those of the upper flowers longer and more unequal sided interminal spikelets, sometimes absent. Lemmas 20 x 7 mm, ovate-acuminate, main nerve strong, secondary nerves 5-6 pairs paleas, about as long, narrow, two-keeled, minutely scabrous, ciliate on the keels, bimucronate at the apex. Lodiculesovate-lanceolate, unequal, emarginate or bifid, ciliate, 3-7-nerved. Stamens exserted; filaments long, 4-4.5 cm; anthers1 cm long; ovary ovoid, stipitate, glabrous; styles 2.5-3 cm long, stigmas 3, plumose.

Flowering Cycle : 120 years

Flowering Reported : Sikkim (1968)

Propagation : Tissue culture

Uses: Edible shoots, tonic

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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