Dendrocalamus stocksii (Munro) M.Kumar, Remesh & Unnikrishnan

Pseudoxytenanthera stocksii (Munro) T.Q Nguyen , Gigantochloa stocksii (Munro) T.Q Nguyen

Chivari, Mes (maharashtra), Konda (karnataka)

Habit

Height : 9m

Diameter : 2.5-4cm

Internode Length : 15-30cm

Culm Sheath Color : 15-22 cm long and7-17 cm broad, striate, silvery shining within, covered outside with matted deciduous reddish hairs mixed with smallwhite hairs with bulbous black bases, tapering gradually upwards and somewhat concavely truncate at apex, imperfectblade, subulate-acuminate, rounded at the base and again expanded in rounded wavy long- fringed auricle on the top ofthe sheath; ligule 7 mm, fimbriate.

Length of Leaf : 10-20 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1-2 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil nadu, Goa

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large panicle of spicate heads with many closely packed spinous spikelets; headsabout 2.5 cm diameter supported by rounded chaffy bracts. Spikelets 1-1.2 cm long, narrow, glabrous, mucronate, fertileflorets many and mixed up with a few sterile. Glumes ovate, mucronate, 5-7-nerved, 2 hermaphrodite flowers; lemmasovate, sub acute, mucronate at the back; palea of the lower flowers as long as lemma, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels.Stamens long, exserted; anthers short, acute; ovary ovoid, hairy; style long; stigma 1 plumose.

Flowering Reported : North Kanara (1884,1889), Silent valley (1994)

Propagation : Culm cutting

Uses: Construction, baskets, umbrella handles

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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