Pseudoxytenanthera monadelpha (Thwaites) soderstr.& R.P.Ellis

Bambusa monadelpha (Thwaites) O.F. Mull., Dendrocalamus monadelphus Thwaites., Oxytenanthera monadelpha (Thwaites) Alston

Habit

Culms : Caespitose

Height : 3-3.5m

Diameter : 2.5cm

Internode Length : 30-45cm

Culm Sheath Color : 15 cm long and 7.9 cm broad, truncate at the mouth, ciliate on the margins, those of thicker shoots appressed hairyon the back, younger and thinner shoots nearly glabrous; imperfect blade 7.5-12.5 cm long and 2.5 cm broad ovateacuminate,rounded at the base and decurrent; auricles large, rounded, falcate, with stiff curved bristles.

Shape of Leaf : lanceolate

Altitude : 1000-1800m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Moist deciduous, Semi evergreen

Introduced to : South India, Sri Lanka, Kerala, Karnataka, and some part of Tamil Nadu

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large leafy panicle with spicatebranchlets bearing heads of more or lessclosely packed spikelets, bracts small,ovate, rachis smooth; spikelets oftenin pairs, usually 1-flowered; emptyglumes 2-3, ovate, mucronate,sometimes ciliate on edges; floweringglume ovate-acute, mucronate, palea convolute, glabrous except at the ciliate point. Stamens exserted; anthers narrow, long, apiculate, hairy at the tip.Ovary ovate acuminate, style hairy, stigmas 3, short, plumose.

Flowering Reported : Nilgiri (1847,1851), Anamalai(1865,1871), Maharashtra(1994)

Uses: baskets, fence, thatching

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998, Muktesh Kumar M.S, 2011

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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