Dendrocalamus patellaris Gamble

Habit

Culms : Caespitose

Height : 7-10m

Diameter : 2.5-4cm

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 30-45cm

Culm Sheath Color : 25-30 cm long and 7.5 cm broad, at the base;imperfect blade lanceolate, 15 cm long, usually recurved with fimbriate ligule.

Length of Leaf : 20-40 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-10 cm

Altitude : 1200-1500m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Uttar pradesh, West bengal, Sikkim, Nagaland, Arunachal pradesh

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large panicle with spicate branches; heads upto 2.5 cm diameter; greenish brown. Spikelets 1 cm long, dark brown,depressed; empty glumes 1 or 2, many-nerved, membranous; florets 2-3, usually all fertile; lemmas orbicular, ciliate onthe edges and densely tomentose within, 9-11-nerved; palea much shorter, ovate-lanceolate, ciliate on the keels, 2-nerved between the keels, densely tomentose within; lodicules 1 or 2, narrow, linear-lanceolate, ciliate; rachilla prolonged,bristle-like. Stamens with purple anthers, tip conical, hairy, apiculate. Ovary broadly ovate, hairy above, stigmas 3,short, plumose.

Uses: Construction, Baskets, huts, flutes, edible shoot, straws, arrow head, knife

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998, Rao A.N,1999

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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