Dendrocalamus hookeri Munro

Bambusa globifera Griseb. , Bambusa hookeri Riviere & C. Riviere , Sinocalamus hookeri (Munro) T.Q Nguyen.

Seiat, sejsai (Assam), Ooei (Manipuri).

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 15-20m

Diameter : 10-15cm

Culm Color : Dark green

Internode Length : 40-50cm

Culm Sheath Color : 20-30 cm long,ca. 40 cm broad at the base; sheaths ofupper nodes narrower, densely coveredwith black or brown hairs outside,glabrous inside; ligule 5-8 mm high,glabrous, serrate; auricles 2, small,rounded, with long stiff ciliae; blade 8-18 cm long, triangular cuspidate, hairyabove. Young shoots covered with blacktomentum, blade stiff and pointed withlong bristles at the margins.

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate,

Altitude : 600-1500m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, North Bengal, Sikkim , Manipur

Native to : Uttar pradesh -Nainital (1881)

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large compoundpanicle bearing at intervals of 5-7 cm,dense globular heads of spikelets of ca.2.5 cm diameter. Spikelets 7.5-10 mmlong and 2.5 mm broad, ovate, acute,minutely pubescent; empty glumes 2,ovate, blunt; fertile flowers 2 to 3;flowering glumes ovate, acute, with many veins and frequent transverse veinlets, the upper most mucronate; palea of lower flowers 2-keeled, acute, ciliateon the keels, hardly veined between, that of upper flower not or only slightly keeled and ciliate at tip. Stamens littleexserted; anthers long, ending in a penicillate point. Ovary narrowly ovoid, acuminate, hairy, surmounted by a hairystyle and ending in a twisted plumose stigma.

Flowering Reported : Uttar Pradesh-Khasi hills(1850), Nainital(1980-81)

Propagation : Culm cutting

Uses: Construction, baskets

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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