Dendrocalamus calostachyus (Kurz) Kurz

Bambusa calostachya Kurz , Sinocalamus calostachyus (Kurz) Keng f.

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 20-30m

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 30-40cm

Culm Sheath Color : covered with appressed tawny hairs, truncate at the mouth; ligule very short,entire. In young shoots, sheath orange-brown turning to green with brown hairs (not dense), blades spreading at rightangles or reflexed, brownish.

Length of Leaf : 22-30 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 3-6.5 cm

Shape of Leaf : lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Meghalaya, Nagaland, Myanmar, China

Native to : Myanmar

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large panicle oflong, whip-like, curved spikes;spikelets clustered in heads of2 to 5 with a few small emptybracts at base; rachis betweenthe heads 1.5-5 cm long,flattened on one side, alternatesides glaucous, somewhatpuberulous. Spikelets 1-1.5 cmlong, 5 mm broad, faintlypubescent, ovate, acute, slightly compressed, with 4 to 6 fertile flowers; empty glumes 2 to 3, broadly ovate, acute, many-nerved, with conspicuoustransverse veinlets, ciliate on the edges; flowering glumes similar but rather longer; palea of lower flowers keeled, acute,5-nerved between the keels and transversely veined, 1-nerved on either side of keel, ciliate on the keels, that of uppermostflower ciliate on the edges, but not on the keels. Stamens exserted; anthers yellow, mucronate. Ovary ovate, rounded,sub-hemispheric, hairy, ending in a long hairy style with a simple fringed purple stigma.

Flowering Reported : Myanmar(1868), Dehra Dun(1973)

Propagation : Seeds, culm cutting

Uses: Construction, vessels

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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