Dendrocalamus brandisii (Munro) Kurz

Arundarbor brandisii (Munro) Kuntze , Bambusa brandisii Munro , Sinocalamus brandisii (Munro) Keng f.

Bulka (Bengal), Wanam (Manipuri), Bilathimula (Malayalam)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 19-33m

Diameter : 13-20cm

Culm Color : Ashy green - greenish gray

Internode Length : 30-38cm

Culm Sheath Color : 60 cm long, 30-35 cm broad, thick, leatherywith white pubescence on the back, otherwise smooth, rounded and depressed at the top; ligule 1-2 cm high, deeply lacerate; auricles small, plaited; blade 15-46 cmlong, 8-13 cm broad, linear-lanceolate, recurved, appressed-hairy within, base rounded. Young shoots dark-gray, bladedark-brown.

Length of Leaf : 20-30 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-5 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate

Altitude : 1300m

Soil : Loamy soils, sandy and clayey soil

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Wet evergreeen tropical forests

Introduced to : Manipur, Andaman islands, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : huge much-branched panicle,with long spicate flagelliform branches, bearing bracteate heads of 1-1.3 cm diameter with many small spikelets; rachisdensely pubescent, flattened on one side, segments 2.5-4 cm long. Spikelets 5-7.5 mm long, nearly as broad, ovate,depressed, minutely pubescent; empty glumes 1-2, broadly ovate, mucronate, nearly glabrous; flowers 2-4; floweringglume similar, prominently few-nerved, ciliate on the edges, hairy near the tip; palea oblong, acute or bi-mucronate,3-nerved, ciliate on the keels, side wings narrow; lodicules 1-2, lanceolate or spathulate, 3-nerved, long-ciliate. Stamensexserted; anthers greenish-yellow, short, broad, apiculate or penicillate; filaments short, thick at first. Ovary ellipsoid,hairy; style short, stigmas purple ending in a thick club-shaped, or dividing into two plumose stigmas.

Flowering Cycle : 45-50 years

Flowering Reported : Myanmar(1862,1870,1890,1894), Coorg(1961-62), Manipur(1987-88)

Propagation : Culm cutting

Uses: Construction, Pulp and paper, baskets, handicrafts, edible shoots, decoration, boat masts

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998 ,Ohrnberger D,1999, Rao A.N,1999; Manual for establishment and management of bamboo plantations, march 2005

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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