Sinarundinaria hirsuta (Munro) C.S Chao & Renvoize

Yushania hisuta (Munro) R.B Majumdar.

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 2m

Culm Color : Grayish green

Internode Length : 15cm

Culm Sheath Color : 10-15 cm long and 2.5 cmbroad, papery, striate, covered with long brown hairs on thedorsal surface, rounded at the tip and ending in large,recurved, long ciliate auricles; imperfect blade subulate,acuminate, recurved; ligule narrow, pubescent.

Length of Leaf : 7-12 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1.2 to 1.6 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate

Altitude : 1600-3000m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Naga Hills, Khasi Hills, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : panicle, inner glumeca. 9 mm long, 5-nerved; lemma ca. 12 mm long and 4 mmbroad, ovate, setaceous, acuminate, striate, 9-nerved, ciliateat the tip; palea ca. 8 mm long, with 2 ciliate keels, 1-nervedon either side of keel, apex bifid; lodicules 3, ca. 2 mm long,ciliate on the margin, 2 are ovate-acute and 5-nerved, thirdone is ovate-obtuse and 1-nerved. Stamens 3, free; antherbasifixed, tip bifid, blunt; filament very short, delicate,twisted. Ovary ca. 1.5 mm long, oblong ovoid, hairy at thebase; Style undivided. Stigma 3, Plumose.

Flowering Cycle : 28-48 years

Flowering Reported : Sikkim (1837, 1899, 1927, 1956), Darjeeling (1904, 1950,1951,1960)

Uses: Construction, mats, edible shoots, walls, doors, fence, supports

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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