Bambusa nutans Wall. ex Munro

Bambusa crinita Thomson, Arundarbor nutans (Wallich ex Munro) Kuntze

Bidhuli (Assam); Kali, Beng, Makla (Tripura); Badia bansa (Orissa), Malla (UP), Mahi bans (Sikkim), Utang (Manipur), Rungazumi (Nagaland)

Habit

Culms : Clumping

Height : 6-15m

Diameter : 5-10cm

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 25 - 45cm

Culm Sheath Color : 10-23cm long with appressed scattered black, base with soft deciduous hairs, top truncateligule at the top of the sheath, large, wavy, unequal in size, one erect and the others decurrent, both fringed,long curved bristles base rounded, margin recurved adaxial surface clothed with appressed brownish black hairs, young shoots yellowish green at apex,sheaths covered sparsely with dark brown and yellow hairs.

Length of Leaf : 15- 25cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2-3.5cm

Shape of Leaf : Linear lanceolate

Altitude : 600 -1500m

Soil : Sandy loam soils, residual soil

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests

Introduced to : Orissa,West Bengal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Himachal, Sikkim, Utter Pradesh, West Bengal, Kerala, Karnataka

Native to : Nepal

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : Stiff panicle bearing spicate branches with clusters of stiff erect spikelets in bracteate heads rachis smooth. Spikelets, many sterile,few fertile, flowering glumes ovate, acute,mucronate many nerved,minutely hairy within palea shorter than flowering glume,flattened,ovate,2-keeled,with the long white ciliae on the edges of the keels overlapping , rachillae clavate, hairy and ciliate at the top,Ovary sub obovate stalked, glabrous below pubescent above,style short, pubescent, stigmas 2-3 shortly plumose twisted nearly glabrous.

Flowering Cycle : 35 years

Flowering Reported : 1979 - 80,1987 - 88

Propagation : Culm cuttings

Uses: Decoration, pulp and paper, poles, rafters

References: Seethalakshmi K. K, 1998; Manual for establishment and management of bamboo plantations, march 2005

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