Sinarundinaria falcata (Nees) C.S Chao & Renvoize

Drepanostachyum falcatum (Nees) keng F.

Habit

Height : 4.5m

Diameter : 1cm

Culm Color : Green with white scurf

Internode Length : 15cm

Culm Sheath Color : 17-30 cm long and 3-7 cm broad, papery, striate, straw-coloured, glabrous on the outer surface, hairy oninner surface in the upper half only, ciliate on the upper edges, narrowed towards the apex into a 0.3 cm broad ciliatemouth; imperfect blade ca. 4 cm long (1 cm long in young culms), narrow, striate, acute subulate, recurved; ligule ca.1.2 cm long, elongate, dentate.

Length of Leaf : 8 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 0.5 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate

Altitude : 1200m-2550m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : North West Himachal Pradesh

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : usually on separateleafless branches; spikelets ca. 1.5 cm long, 2(1)-flowered with a terminal rudimentary flower, yellow or sometimespurple; rachilla ca.5 mm long, clavate, ciliate; empty glumes 2, chartaceous, ovate, tip acute, ciliate, outer glumeca.7 mm long and 2 mm broad and 3-nerved; inner glume ca.9-nerved, tip mucronate, ciliate; palea as long as thelemma, 2-keeled, glabrous on keels, tip bimucronate, ciliate; lodicule 3, ovate, fimbriate, one ca.1.5 mm long and3-veined, the other two ca. 2 mm long and 5-veined. Stamens 3; anther ca. 5 mm long, bilocular, obtuse, basifixed;filament ca. 2 mm long. Ovary linear-oblong, glabrous; style divided upto base, each having one plumose stigma.

Flowering Cycle : 48-58 years

Flowering Reported : Simla(1858,1916), Mussori(1916), Jaunsar(1868,1916), Tehri Garhwal (1916)

Uses: Baskets, fishing rods

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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