Sinarundinaria wightiana (Nees) C.S Chao & Renvoize

Yushania wightiana (Nees) R.B Majumdar

Chewari, Nilgiri bamboo (South India)

Habit

Height : 2-3m

Culm Color : Dark green

Culm Sheath Color : 10 to 20 cm long, 2.5 to 7.5 cm broad, narrowed slightly upwards,straw coloured, thickly clothed with stiff, golden, tubercle-based hairs imperfect blade ca. 3.8 cm long, 0.5 cm broad,wavy, scabrous, ligule short, fimbriate

Length of Leaf : 13.5 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2 cm

Shape of Leaf : ovate-lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Ever green forest

Native to : South India, Srilanka, Kerala ( Palghat, Munnar, Nilgiri)

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : purplish, terminal or axillary. Spikelet ca. 1 cm long, 2-flowered the upper most floretusually sterile and glabrous, empty glumes 2 ovate-acute, membranous, tip ciliate; palea equal to lemma, 2-keeled,ciliate on the keels. Lodicules 3, ciliate, 3-7-nerved; stamens 3, anther brown, acute, basifixed, filament short. Ovaryovoid-oblong, glabrous, style divided with 3 plumose stigmas.

Flowering Reported : Nilgiri (1872, 1878, 1882, 1883, 1889)

Uses: Construction, baskets, mats, fencing

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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