Sinarundinaria elegans (Kurz) C.S Chao & Renvoize

Yushania elegans (Kurz) R.B Majumdar

Jilli(Naga hills)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 6m

Diameter : .7cm

Culm Color : Black

Internode Length : 22.5cm

Culm Sheath Color : 10 cm long and 2.5 cm broad, papery, striate deciduous, covered with stiff hairs on the outer surface, ciliateon the edges, narrowed at the tip into a 0.3 cm broad mouth; auricles bristly on both sides; imperfect blade ca.2 cmlong, striate, narrow, subulate edges ciliate; ligule rather broad, finely ciliate

Length of Leaf : 15 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1.5 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate,

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : China, Myanmar

Native to : Arunachal Pradesh,Nagaland,North Eastern India

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : terminal panicle or raceme of few pedicellate spikelets onleafy branches, ca.5 cm long; rachis ca.2 cm long, wiry, curved, pubescent; spikelet ca.1.5 cm long, flattened, 6-flowered,the uppermost floret is empty, rachilla ca. 4 mm long, hairy, clavate, yellow; empty glume 2, ovate, acuminate, outerglume ca.2.5 mm long and 3-nerved, inner glume ca.5 mm long and 5-nerved, lemma ca.10 mm long, ovate, long acuminate, 7-nerved, palea shorter than lemma, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels, 2-nerved on either side of keel, tip ciliatewith 2 clefts; lodicules 3, ca. 1.5 mm long, ovate, fimbriate, 3-nerved, one is narrower than the other two and obtuse,others ovate and acute. Stamens 3, hardly exserted; anther ca.5 mm long, purple, basifixed, tip rounded. Ovary ca.1.5mm long, oblong, glabrous, yellow, style divided at the base and each having one plumose stigma.

Flowering Reported : Naga hills(1937)

Uses: Construction, edible shoots

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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