Dendrocalamus longispathus Kurz

Bambusa longispathus Kurz

Rupai (Tripura), Khang (Bengali)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 10-18m

Diameter : 6-10cm

Culm Color : Grayish-green

Internode Length : 25-60cm

Culm Sheath Color : erect stiff bristles, ciliate on the

Length of Leaf : 10-30 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5- 3.5 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Mixed forest, Evergreen forest, common near streams

Introduced to : Mizoram, Tripura, Bihar, Bangladesh, Myanmar , West Bengal, Eastern India

Native to : Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : largepanicle of interruptedly spicate clusters of spikelets, sometimes leafy rachis flexuose, flattened on alternate sides 1.3-3.8cm between clusters, glaucous-green, sometimes rough. Spikelets in heads, sometimes few-flowered blunt, nearly glabrous,5-7.5 mm long; empty glumes 2-3, obovate, blunt, with short rachillae between; flowers 2-3 fertile; flowering glumeblunt, obovate, cucullate, ciliate on the edges, many-nerved; palea oval, truncate, faintly keeled, 2-nerved between thekeels, faintly pubescent. Stamens short; anther yellow, short, ending in a black mucronate point; filaments short. Ovarybroadly ovoid, somewhat acute, hairy, ending in a rather short style and short purple stigma.

Flowering Reported : Bangladesh(1977-79), Myanmar(1912,1913),Kerala(1990)

Propagation : Seeds, rhizome planting, culm cutting

Uses: Construction, Pulp and paper, baskets, tooth picks, landscaping, edible shoot, sprints, containers

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998, Ohrnberger D,1999, Rao A.N,1999

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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