Bambusa bambos (L .) Voss

Arundo bambos L. , Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.

Thorny bamboo (English); Kotoba (Assam); Barrowa (Bengal), Mula (Malayalam), Mungil (Tamil Nadu), Nal bans (Panjab), Mulla Veduru (Andhra Pradesh), Behor bans (West Bengal)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 30m

Diameter : 15-18cm

Culm Color : Dark green

Internode Length : 15-30 cm

Culm Sheath Color : Coriaceous, glabrous to pubescent with dark brown velvety hairs.

Length of Leaf : 15- 30cm

Breadth of Leaf : 8-15mm

Shape of Leaf : Lanceolate

Altitude : 1000m - 1200m

Soil : Moistfertile and Alluvial soil, acidic soil , sandy loams, alluvial soil

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Moist deciduous forest

Introduced to : Pakistan, Sri lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Amani Arboretum

Native to : South - East Asia, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Gujarat, Rajasth

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : Enormous panicle, branchlets spicate with loose clusters of about 5 pale spikelets rachis variable, usually stiff, shinig,smooth, striate occasionally angular, spikelets lanceolate, acute,lemma broadlyobovate-triangular palea elliptic stamens filaments long filiform,anthers free basifixed

Flowering Cycle : 40-49 years

Flowering Reported : kerala (1951)

Propagation : Seeds,Offset planting, branch cutting

Uses: Construction, edible shoots, medicine, fence, floor boards, fodder, pulp and paper, rafters, scaffoldings, sprints

References: Seethalakshmi K. K , 1998; Muktesh Kumar M.S, 2009; Rao A.N, 1999; Manual for establishment and management of bamboo plantations, march 2005

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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