Ochlandra scriptoria (Dennst.) C.E.C.Fisch.

Bambusa scriptoria Dennst., Melocanna rheedii Steudel

Ammei, Bheesa, kolanji, Ottal (Kerala)


Height : 5m

Diameter : 2.5cm

Internode Length : 45cm

Culm Sheath Color : truncate with 2 falcate, long-ciliate auricles; bladeslong, ensiform, 10-15 cm long, purplish.

Length of Leaf : 10- 25cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1- 3cm

Shape of Leaf : Linear- lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Karnataka, Tamil nadu, Kerala

Native to : India

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : short terminal or axillary spike. Spikelets cylindric, acute, glabrous,sterile in heads, smaller, 1.2-1.8 cm long, fertile few, subsolitary withbracts, empty glumes 2-3, flowering glume larger, sub-acute, paleaconvolute, not keeled, lodicules many. Stamens 15-18 or more,exserted, filaments free, slender, anthers mucronate. Ovary oblong,surmounted by perigynium containing the style, which is cleft atthe apex into 3 plumose stigmas.

Flowering Reported : Western ghats(1988,1989,1992,1995)

Propagation : Seeds, rhizome

Uses: Pulp and paper, baskets, mats, flutes, floats, rafts

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998, Ohrnberger D,1999

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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