Gigantochloa andamanica (Kurz) Kurz

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 6-9m

Culm Color : Green

Internode Length : 40-50cm

Culm Sheath Color : 10 to 20 cm long, upto 20 cm broad, narrowed upwards, green, densely covered with appressed dark-brown hairs, ciliate on the margins; auricle glossy green, end rounded; imperfect blade shorter than the sheath , sparingly dark-brown bristly above; ligule narrow, entire.

Length of Leaf : 15-25cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1-1.5cm

Shape of Leaf : lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : India, Andaman Islands, Myanmar- southern part, pega

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : a leafy panicle, the leaves early deciduous with cylindrically linear spikelets; Rachis striate. Spikelets 1.5-2.5 cm long, linear, sharply subulate, acuminate, straight, marked by conspicuous black fringes to the glumes; 6-7 flowered in dense cluster, fertile flower 2-3; empty glume 2-3, ovate mucronate, ; palea narrow boat shaped, toothed at the apex, minutely pale ciliate along the angle of the back, 2-keeled, minutely bi-fid at the apex, 3-5 nerverd, the outer paleas conspicuously balckish brown, fringed, the lower 3 much shortened and empty; Stamens exerted, short; anthers purple, 1-1.5 cm long, each ending in a fine setaceous hairy point. Ovary narrowly ellipsoid, rounded above and terminating in a long style; style undevided, stiff, shortly hirsute; stigma somewhat thickened, white-pilose.

References: Muktesh kumar M.S, 2011

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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