Chimonobambusa callosa (Munro) Nakai

Arundinaria callosa Munro , Arundinaria phar E.G. Camus, Chimonocalamus callosus (Munro) Hsueh & T.P.Yi

Habit

Height : 6m

Diameter : 2.5cm

Culm Color : Grayish green

Internode Length : 15cm

Culm Sheath Color : 15 cm long and 7 cm broad gradually attenuate upwards to 0.5 cm broadmouth with long bristles on both sides, edges ciliate; striate, loose, thin, yellowish, covered with bulbous-based hairs onthe surface especially dense towards the base; imperfect blade ca. 2 cm long, striate, subulate, decurrent on the sheath;ligule short, up to 2 mm, fimbriate

Length of Leaf : 20 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 3 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong-lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Evergreen forests

Introduced to : Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : an axillary panicle, endingin leafy branchlets, subtended by sheathing papery bracts; rachis striate, flattened on one side, clavate, hairy; spikeletca. 5 cm long, 8-12-flowered, the uppermost floret imperfect; rachilla ca. 5 mm long, flattened, glabrous; empty glumes2, ovate-lanceolate, thin, ciliate, tip acute, outer glume ca. 5 mm long and 1.5 mm broad and 3-nerved; inner glume ca.6 mm long and 2 mm broad, 5-nerved; lemma ca. 8 mm long and 3 mm broad, ovate, 7-nerved, tip mucronate andciliate; palea ca. 7 mm, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels, 2-nerved on either side of the keel, tip acute and ciliate; lodicules3, ca. 2 mm, faintly nerved, fimbriate, two ovate-obtuse and one ovate-acute. Stamens 3; anther ca. 5 mm long, bluntor slightly pointed at the apex, basifixed; filament up to 1 mm long. Ovary ca. 3 mm long, ovoid-oblong, glabrous; styledivided up to the base and each having one plumose stigma.

Flowering Reported : Khasia hills (1857-58,1885), Arunachal pradesh(1957, 1980)

Uses: Construction, edible shoots

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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