Bambusa teres Munro

Arundarbor teres (Munro) Kuntze, Bambusa lixin Hsueh & T.P.Yi

Bhaluki-makel (Assam), Betua (Bengal), Paora (Tripura).

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 20m

Diameter : 8cm

Internode Length : 50cm

Culm Sheath Color : 20-25 cm long and broad, nearlyglabrous, rounded at tip, black inside;blade 10-15 cm long, triangular,cuspidate, appressed hairy beneath,rounded at the base; ligule 2 mm high,white-hairy outside; auricles wavy,fringed with deciduous bristles. Youngshoots whitish-green.

Length of Leaf : 20-35 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 3-4 cm

Shape of Leaf : oblong lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Arunachal pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : large compound paniclewith spicate branches bearing heads ofsterile and fertile spikelets with chaffybracts; rachis usually fistular, striate.Spikelets 5 cm with 1-2 emptygemmiparous glumes, 5-6 fertile flowers,and 1-2 terminal imperfect flowers;rachilla obcuneate, striate, minutelyciliate at top; empty glumes ovate-acute,mucronate; flowering glume ovatelanceolatewith a broad base, acute,glabrous, sometimes with a soft subfoliaceouspoint, many-nerved; paleaovate, 2-keeled, scabrous, toothed onthe keels, 5-6-nerved in between, tip glabrous or penicillate; lodicules almost obovate, long-fimbriate, many- nerved. Anthers narrow, penicillate at the apex.Ovary ovate, acute, hairy above, with a short style and long hairy stigmas.

Flowering Reported : Assam (1891,1889), Bangladesh(1981-82)

Uses: Agarbathi sticks,mats, baskets

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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