Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. Ex Schult.

Arundarbor multiplex (Lour) Kuntze , Arundarbor nana (Roxb.) Kuntze , Arundo Multiplex Lour.

Habit

Culms : Caespitose

Height : 2-4m

Diameter : 1.5-2.5 cm

Culm Color : Green-yellow

Internode Length : 20-40cm

Culm Sheath Color : 10-15 cm long and 5-8 cmbroad, green when young,yellowish on aging, stiff, glabrous,striate, slightly narrowed upwardsand rounded at the tip; ligule up to 1.5 mm high, entire; auricles small, bristly; blade 5-8 cm long, triangular, linear,acuminate.

Length of Leaf : 5-10 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 8-13 mm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate

Soil : Sandy loam soils

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Calcutta (1794)

Native to : China, Japan

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : short, diffuse, leafy panicle with solitary or clustered spikelets.Spikelets 1.2-3.7 cm long, 0.5 mm broad, very glabrous, straw- coloured, bearing 5 or more flowers, separated byglabrous, flattened, 0.25-0.5 mm long rachillae; only the terminal flower imperfect; empty glumes none, or very rarelyone; flowering glume 2-keeled, minutely ciliate only at the tip, many-nerved; lodicules 3, unequal, 0.25-0.5 mm long, entire, linear, somewhat concave or thickened below, usually 2-nerved. Stamens exserted, pendulous; anthers blunt orslightly apiculate, yellow. Ovary obovate, rough, pubescent above; style very short, almost immediately dividing into 3long feathery stigmas.

Flowering Reported : Germany(1808,1839), Bengladesh (1851,1879), Srilanka(1863), India, Calcutta(1890), Singapore(1892), Bangladesh(1977-1985)

Propagation : Seeds, rhizome planting

Uses: Construction, baskets, handicrafts

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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