Bambusa oliveriana Gamble

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 13-15m

Diameter : 2.5-5 cm

Culm Color : Glossy green

Internode Length : 35cm

Culm Sheath Color : 20-25 cm long and 10-13 cmbroad, pale, glabrous on both sides orhirsute on the back when young; ligule2-3 mm high, serrate; auricles fringed;blade 10-20 cm long and 5-8 cm broad,triangular-lanceolate, cordate at thebase, covered on both sides withscattered stiff brown hairs. Young shootscolumnar, sheath green with membranous margin, blade brown, apex pointed; auricles brown.

Length of Leaf : 10-18 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1-1.5 cm

Altitude : 300-600 m

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Moist Deciduous forests

Introduced to : Mizoram

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : much-branched panicle of drooping, one-sided spikes with rather distant bracteate clusters of few (1-3) spikelets; bractsglabrous, striate, truncate; spikelets flattened, ca. 1.5 cm long, straw coloured or greenish, glabrous; empty glumes 1-2,ovate-lanceolate, 3-4 fertile flowers, distichous, separated by conspicuous rachillae; terminal flower imperfect on a longflattened glabrous rachilla; flowering glume ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 9-nerved; palea rather shorter, 2-keeled, acute,glabrous, except for a minute tuft of hairs at the apex, 3-nerved in between, 3-nerved on either side of the keels;lodicules 3, rounded, obtuse, long-fimbriate, many-nerved. Stamens long, exserted, anthers obtuse, striped red andyellow when young, dull purple on aging. Ovary ovate, elongate, hairy; style short, soon dividing into 2 plumosestigmas.

Flowering Reported : Myanmar(1893-94)

Uses: Construction, baskets

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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