Gigantochloa rostrata K.M Wong

Gigantochloa maxima var. Minor Hottum

Panibans (Madhya pradesh), Bolangi (Orissa), Kailyai (Tripura)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 5- 8m

Diameter : 2.5- 5cm

Culm Color : Dark green

Internode Length : 20-30cm

Culm Sheath Color : upto 10 cm long and 5.5cm broad, deciduous, with darkbrown hairs on the back; auricleslow, glabrous; ligule 1-1.5 mm high,irregularly toothed, blade upto 8 cmlong, leaf like, spreading or reflexed.Young shoots green, sheath coveredwith glossy black pubescence,blades erect imbricating, apex longpointed

Length of Leaf : 15-22 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2-3 cm

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Orissa, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : spikelets slender, 26-31 mm longand 2-3 mm broad, with 3 perfectflowers, glumes 3, 6-11 mm long,narrowly ovate, apiculate; lemma15-30 mm long, apex long, pointedand rostrate, hairy on the back, fringed by dark brown hairs; upper lemma inrolled; palea 10-22 mm long, keeled, notched to bifid, 5-veined betweenkeels; anthers 6, 6-10 mm long with rostrate and hairy apex, maroon.

Flowering Cycle : 30-50 years

Flowering Reported : Bastal (1960), Bangladesh (1961,1978), Banik (1987)

Propagation : Culm cutting

Uses: Construction, baskets, edible seeds, pulp and paper

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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