Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea (Steud.) Widjaja

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 10-30m

Diameter : 7-13cm

Culm Color : Green, yellowish green

Internode Length : 40-45cm

Culm Sheath Color : upto 30 cm long covered withgolden brown hairs when youngand becoming glabrous onmaturity.

Length of Leaf : 20-25 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5-5 cm

Shape of Leaf : lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Indian Botanic garden, Calcutta, Myanmar, Indonesia.

Native to : Java

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : largeleafy panicle bearing spicatebranchlets with heads of spikelets,many together, rachisstriate, heads upto 7.5 cm diameter.Spikelets linear 2.5-5 cmlong, acuminate, marked byblack fringes to the glumes;fertile flowers 2-3, terminalflower incomplete or reduced toa subulate protruded rachilla;empty glumes 2-3, ovate, mucronate,few appressed black stiffhairs on the back; flowering glumes similar, linear- lanceolate, longer than palea, very narrow, 2-keeled, white-ciliate on keels. Stamens exserted;anthers purple, ending in a fine setaceous hairy point. Ovary narrowly ellipsoid, rounded above, style curved, hairy;stigmas simple.

Flowering Reported : 1854, 1982

Propagation : Rhizome, culm cutting

Uses: Construction, pipes, musical instruments, edible shoots, furniture, wall, poles

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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