Gigantochloa macrostachya Kurz

Gigantochloa kachinensis E.G Camus , Gigantochloa kathaensis E.G. Camus , Gigantochloa tekserah E.G Camus

Takserah (Garo hiils)

Habit

Height : 10- 16m

Diameter : 6 - 10cm

Internode Length : 45 - 75cm

Culm Sheath Color : short,12-20 cm long, broader than long. It is easily known by the white longitudinal stripes on the internodes.

Length of Leaf : 16-40 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1.2-5 cm

Shape of Leaf : lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Native to : Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Myanmar.

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : very large leafy panicle, composed of heads of spikeletsmore or less distichously and alternately spaced on the branches, bracts at the base of the branchlets large, sub-foliaceous.Spikelets up to 5 cm long, acuminate, subulate, narrow, covered in part by the long ciliae of the glumes and lemmas,hermaphrodite florets 2-3, terminal barren, glumes 2-3, ovate-mucronate, long-ciliate, lemmas of the hermaphroditeflorets ovate-mucronate, many-nerved. Palea very narrow, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels, bifid at the top; lodiculesabsent. Stamens purple, filaments exserted, connate at the base into a short tube, connective produced into a hairyacumen. The style is neither bifid nor trifid, the lower and the greater portion of its length is covered with short stiffhairs, while the upper portion is densely papillose and has numerous short papillose branches. Ovary narrowly ellipsoidsurmounted by a long slender style ending in a stigma.

Flowering Reported : Brandis recorded flowering of this species in 1862.

Uses: Construction, mats, baskets

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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