Gigantochloa apus (Schult.) Kurz

Arundarbor apus (Schult.) Kuntze, Bambusa apus Schult.f. , Gigantochloa Kurzii Gamble

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Diameter : 2.5- 9cm

Culm Color : Bright green or yellow

Culm Sheath Color : 35-45 cm withsmall rounded auricle; blade curved up towards middle, very acute, dark brown with spreading white soft hairs outside,inside glabrous, old sheaths persistent, yellowish and brown.

Length of Leaf : 10-15 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 1.5-2 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate

Altitude : 1500m

Soil : Sandy soil or clay soil

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Java

Native to : Meghalaya, Tenasserim, Myanmar

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : very large pseudo-panicle; apparently leafless, with finely hairy axes and clusters ofup to 20 pseudo-spikelets. Spikelets ovate-lanceolate, acute, straight, distinctly laterally compressed; glumes 4-5; lemmasshortly mucronate below, apex with long dark brown cilia; palea 4-5-nerved; keels ciliate. Staminal tube longer thanpalea, anthers dark purple, 8-18 mm, connective prolonged into ca.1 mm, hairy, acute at tip. Ovary oblong with denselylong hairy apex; style with upwardly directed hairs

Flowering Reported : Tenasserim in Myanmar (1878)

Uses: Construction, handicrafts, furniture, scaffolding, string, wall

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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