Gigantochloa albociliata (Munro) Kurz

Dendrocalamus albociliatus (Munro) J.L. Sun , Oxytenanthera albociliata Munro , Pseudotenanthera albociliate (Munro) R.B.Majumdar

Kalisuneti (Assam)

Habit

Culms : Tufted

Height : 6-9m

Diameter : 1.5-2.5cm

Culm Color : Grayish green

Internode Length : 15-38cm

Culm Sheath Color : 10-20 cm long and ca.15 cmbroad, covered with denseappressed hairs in the earlystage, afterwards smooth,somewhat truncate, folded andcoriaceous at the base,terminating at the truncatemouth in a narrow naked band;ligule 1.5-2.5 cm long, auriclessmall.

Length of Leaf : 15-20 cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2-2.5 cm

Shape of Leaf : linear-lanceolate

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Introduced to : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : largespreading panicle of spicatebranchlets; rachis smooth,slender, 2.5-7.6 cm long betweenthe verticils; spikelets slender,1.5-2 cm long, often curved, 2.2 mm broad, fertile flowers mixed with few sterile ones; empty glumes 1-2, ovate, acute, white ciliate, one male flowerfollowed by 1 or 2 hermaphrodite flowers, flowering glumes elliptic, acute or faintly emarginate, many-nerved, whiteciliate on the edges, convolute; palea short, ovate obtuse, 2-keeled, ciliate on the keels, convolute, ciliate only at the tip.Stamens long, exserted, filaments at first connected in a short thick tube, afterwards into a long and membranous one;anthers long, greenish-yellow, long hirsute, apiculate. Ovary narrowly ovoid, much acuminate, pubescent, ending in along style divided above into 2 white stigmas.

Flowering Cycle : 30 years

Flowering Reported : Assam (1956,-1960,1987)

Seed Type : Caryopsis

Uses: Edible shoots

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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