Bambusa balcooa Roxb.

Dendrocalamus balcooa (Roxb.) Voigt, Arundarbor balcooa (Roxburgh) Kuntze, Bambusa capensis Ruprecht

Female bamboo (English); Baluka (Assam, Arunachal pradesh ), Balku bans (Bengal), Barak (Tripura), Bhalu bans (Nagaland)

Habit

Culms : Caespitose, clumping

Height : 12-20m

Diameter : 8-15cm

Culm Color : Grayish green

Internode Length : 20 - 40cm

Culm Sheath Color : Green when young, deciduous, tapering above and rounded at tip,adaxial surface glabrous, abaxial surface with densely appressed dark brown hairs, margin ciliate.

Length of Leaf : 15- 30cm

Breadth of Leaf : 2.5- 5 cm

Shape of Leaf : Oblong lanceolate

Altitude : 600m

Soil : Heavy textured soils

Habitat, Distribution,Uses

Habitat : Moist deciduous forest

Introduced to : Nepal, Bangladesh , Nagaland, Meghalaya, Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Orissa

Native to : North Eastern India

Description of Inflorescence and Flower : Large panicle, bearing spikate branching with bracteate heads,0.6- 1.2 cm long, 4-6mm broad with0-2 empty glumes,empty glumes ovate acute, many nerved, flowering glumes similar but larger ciliate on the edges. Stamens hardly exserted anthers glabrous style hairy

Flowering Cycle : 35-45 years

Flowering Reported : Uttar pradesh, Manipur, Bangladesh (1983 – 88)

Seed Type :

Propagation : Culm cuttings,Tissue culture

Uses: Agarbathi sticks, boats, construction, electric poles, edible shoots, frames, ladder, pulp and paper, scaffoldings

References: Seethalakshmi K. K ,1998, Naithani H.B, 2011

Kerala Forest Research Institute All rights reserved.

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